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Ten Tips and Techniques for Creating a Sense of Place in the Reader’s Mind by Andrew Cairns

Today Andrew Cairns, author of The Witch’s List and member of Travel By Book, shares with us some excellent tips for creating a strong sense of place in your novels.

Andrew knows what he’s talking about. Travel inspired his first novel, written fifteen years after a memorable one-month visit to the Ivory Coast in 1999. His experiences of growing up in Scotland and moving to France where he has lived and worked most of his adult life, are also worked into the novel. I hope you enjoy reading his post and pick up a few useful tips for your own writing!


Ten Tips and Techniques for Creating a Sense of Place in the Reader’s Mind

1. Diaries – Keep a diary, especially on you travels and note down what you’ve experienced each day. Then when you’re ready to write a story about some of the places you’ve been, you can jog your memory by going back to what you’ve written in your diary. I keep a daily diary where I write about a page a day, and often when I go travelling I bring a separate notebook to write a bit more.

2. Travelogues – From the multitude of interesting things you’ve observed on your travels, try focussing in on certain subject areas and writing a bit more details. Do some research on the history, the culture, the language, etc. and include this, comparing and contrasting you’re your own experiences. These travelogues can be interesting reads in themselves, and you can also use them in fiction where you want to give a richer more informative insight into a place.

3. Five senses – Think about not only what you saw but what you smelt, heard, tasted, and touched. The refreshing breeze on your skin, the smell of the sea, the sweet taste of a freshly cut coconut, the relaxing sound of the waves…

4. Emotions – How did the place make you feel? What emotions did it trigger? Fear, sadness, joy, disgust, anger – or some combination of these?

5. Sixth sense – What did your intuition or sixth sense tell you about the place. Did you pick up the spirits of the soldiers who lost their lives on an old battlefield, the prayers and religious fervour on the path travelled by millions of pilgrims, or the asepticised pain and suffering in the hospital ward.

6. Watch movies / documentaries – Get a flavour of places or the viewpoints of different people by immersing yourself in a movie or documentary.

7. Read books both fiction and non-fiction – As for movies, documentaries, reading books can also teach you about other places and inspire you to write about them with your own voice.

8. Nature – There a big beautiful world out there, filled with fascinating fauna and flora. Make your story more vivid by describing some of the wildlife in your story’s backdrop.

9. Weather – Create atmosphere by describing the numbing cold, the spirit-crushing heat or the electricity in the air as a rumbling thunderstorm approaches.

10. Inequalities / paradoxes – What really makes a story interesting? The conflicts, the injustices, the surprises, the humour, the passion… Find out about a place’s inequalities – extreme poverty alongside excessive riches, its forms of corruption – the justice system being paid off by big business to turn a blind eye to their illegal dealings, or its strange beliefs and practises – the existence of a witch’s list of people destined to meet an untimely death. If you manage to portray some of the weird, wonderful and wacky stuff going on in a place, and make the reader believe it, then you will have them hooked!


Thanks for sharing these excellent tips, Andrew!

Connect with Andrew via his website, Amazon, Twitter or Facebook.


The Witch’s List

Sandy Beech doesn’t believe in witches and the supernatural. However, certain strange events occur which put his scepticism to the test: a burning book, a falling crucifix, a mysterious illness, and a fire in a convent which kills all twelve nuns. On her deathbed, Bernadette, the last surviving nun, warns him to control his lusts and avoid African women. Sandy finds this difficult, since he is attracted to exotic, dark-skinned women and after his hedonistic university exchange year in Paris, marries Rocky from the Ivory Coast. Five years later, childless and with the marriage souring, they decide to visit Rocky’s home country. Sandy is drawn into a world of strange beliefs and practices: he finds out about the Witch’s List – a list of people destined to die, and is attacked by various animals starting with a ferocious dog in Abidjan. He delves further and further into the realm of African witchcraft, but the horrific truth remains obscure… The Witch’s List is the first of a trilogy.

Buy The Witch’s List now on Cosmic Egg Books, Amazon US, Amazon UK, Amazon France and Goodreads.


Jennifer S. Alderson

Hello! I am the author of the Travel Can Be Murder Cozy Mystery series, the Zelda Richardson Art Mystery series, and Adventures in Backpacking novels. I love to write and blog about travel, art, museums, expat life, and great books. Thanks for stopping by!

This Post Has 2 Comments

  1. pamelaallegretto

    These are all excellent tips. Such a great article. Thank you! Also, your book sounds fascinating.

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